Psychoeducation Effectiveness on Expectations About Counseling for a Mental Illness Among the Youth: A Case Study of Teacher-Trainees in Kenya
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 57-63
Received: Jun. 10, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 20, 2017;
Published: Sep. 21, 2017
Views 791 Downloads 24
Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga, Department of Social and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology, the Technical University of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Malel Bibwob Clinical Psychologists Consultancy (MICAP), Nairobi, Kenya
Ivy Mmbone Chebet, St. Vincent Private Hospital, Department of Nursing (Neuroscience), Melbourne, Australia
Mourice Barasa Wafula, M&E, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Africa Region, Nairobi, Kenya
David Musyimi Ndetei, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Expectations are subjectively held statements that represent an individual’s estimate of likelihood that an event will occur. Several researches has explored on expectations about counseling in various populations globally related to a number of situations. This study aims to determine effectiveness of psychoducation on expectations about counseling for a mental illness among the youth in Kenya. Sampling of four colleges out of the existing twenty public teacher-training colleges was done. Participants were divided into two groups, experimental and control groups and presented with self-administered questionnaires at baseline. Psychoeducation was done to the experimental group and second assessment was done, the third assessment was done three months after the psychoeducation and a fourth assessment was done six months after the psychoeducation using same instruments. The control group was assessed three times, baseline, three months after and six months after. Ethics Committee followed ethical protocol from approval to informed consent from the participants. This study found out that psychoeducation improved expectations about counseling for at least six months and recommended that mental illness and expectations about counseling should be included in the teacher trainee curriculum.
Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga,
Ivy Mmbone Chebet,
Mourice Barasa Wafula,
David Musyimi Ndetei,
Psychoeducation Effectiveness on Expectations About Counseling for a Mental Illness Among the Youth: A Case Study of Teacher-Trainees in Kenya, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 6, No. 4,
2017, pp. 57-63.
Tinsley, H. E., & Westcot, A. M. (1990). Analysis of the cognitions stimulated by the items on the Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form: An analysis of construct validity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 37 (2), 223.
Goldfarb, D. E. College Counseling Center Clients' Expectations About Counseling: How They Relate to Depression, Hopelessness, and Actual-Ideal Self-Discrepancies, 2002; 5 (2): 142-152. DOI: 10.1002/j.2161-1882.2002.tb00216.x.
Winograd, G. and Tryon, G. S. (2009), Counseling Expectations Among Students in an Opportunity Program: Dispositional and Cultural Influences. Journal of Counseling & Development, 87: 438–448. Doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6678.2009.tb00128.x.
Abreu, J. M. (2000), Counseling Expectations Among Mexican American College Students: The Role of Counselor Ethnicity. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 28: 130–143. Doi: 10.1002/j.2161-1912.2000.tb00341.x.
Kunkel, M. A., & Williams, C. (1991). Age and expectations about counseling: Two methodological perspectives. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 314-320.
Kakhnovets, R. (2011), Relationships Among Personality, Expectations About Counseling, and Help-Seeking Attitudes. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89: 11–19. Doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6678.2011.tb00056.x.
Yorgason, J. B., Linville, D., & Zitzman, B. (2008). Mental health among college students: do those who need services know about and use them?. Journal of American College Health, 57 (2), 173-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/JACH.57.2.173-182.
Nyavanga, E. J. & Barasa, M. Expectations About Counseling for a Mental Illness Among Primary School Teacher Trainees in Kenya. Science Journal of Public Health. 2016; 4 (4): 305-311. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160404.16.
Theodora E. Katerelos, Claude Bélanger, Marie-Christine Payette, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, André Marchand and Michel Perreault (2015). The Role of Expectations in Treatment Outcome and Symptom Development in Anxiety Disorders, A Fresh Look at Anxiety Disorders, Dr. Federico Durbano (Ed.), InTech, DOI: 10.5772/60668. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/a-fresh-look-at-anxiety-disorders/the-role-of-expectations-in-treatment-outcome-and-symptom-development-in-anxiety-disorders
Ndetei, D. M., Mutiso, V., Musyimi, C., Mokaya, A. G., Anderson, K. K., McKenzie, K., & Musau, A. (2016). The prevalence of mental disorders among upper primary school children in Kenya. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 51 (1), 63-71.
Ndetei, D. M., Mutiso, V., Maraj, A., Anderson, K. K., Musyimi, C., & McKenzie, K. (2016). Stigmatizing attitudes toward mental illness among primary school children in Kenya. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 51 (1), 73-80.
Francis, J. M., Grosskurth, H., Changalucha, J., Kapiga, S. H., & Weiss, H. A. (2014). Systematic review and meta-analysis: prevalence of alcohol use among young people in eastern Africa. Tropical medicine & international health, 19 (4), 476-488.
Tinsley, Howard E.; Workman, Kathleen R.; Kass, Richard A. Factor analysis of the domain of client expectancies about counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1980; 27 (6): 561-570. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-018.104.22.1681
Gonzalez, J. M., Tinsley, H. E., & Kreuder, K. R. (2002). Effects of psychoeducational interventions on opinions’ of mental illness, attitudes toward help seeking, and expectations about psychotherapy in college students. Journal of College Student Development, 43 (1), 51.
Martinez, J. I., Lau, A. S., Chorpita, B. F., & Weisz, J. R. (2015). Psychoeducation as a Mediator of Treatment Approach on Parent Engagement in Child Psychotherapy for Disruptive Behavior. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 1–15. http://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2015.1038826
Guajardo, Jennifer M. Fende; Anderson, Timothy. An investigation of psychoeducational interventions about therapy Psychotherapy Research, Volume 17, Number 1, January 2007, pp. 120-127 (8). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10503300600590637
Batink T, Bakker J, Vaessen T, Kasanova Z, Collip D, van Os J, Wichers M, Germeys I, Peeters F. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in Daily Life Training: A Feasibility Study of an mHealth Intervention. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2016; 4 (3): e103. DOI: 10.2196/mhealth.5437.