Environmental Assessment and Evaluation of Anthropogenic Impacts on Sulaibikhat Bay Tidal Flat Area, Kuwait
Journal of Health and Environmental Research
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 21-34
Received: Jan. 9, 2018; Accepted: Feb. 1, 2018; Published: Mar. 8, 2018
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Authors
Mohamed El-Anbaawy, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Ahmed Abdelhalim, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Deadan Al Ajmi, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Mohammad Al Sarawi, Department of Earth and Environmental Science, College of Science, Kuwait University, Khaldyah, Kuwait
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Abstract
Sulaibikhat Bay is situated along the northern coastline of Kuwait. It occupies the southwestern part of Kuwait Bay, between latitudes 29° 19ʺ and 29° 24ʺ north and longitudes 47° 50ʺ and 47° 55ʺ east, and covers a total area of about 45 km2. The lagoon bay is a shallow (7-8 m) tide-dominated embayment with a very soft muddy flat basin. It has a simple bottom topography, with a maximum water depth of about 8 m. The main objectives of this study is to delineate the water quality of Sulaibikhat Bay, to study the input of anthropogenic activities on the water quality, to recommend methods to improve water quality of the bay and to study the sediment and their heavy metals contents. About 15 marine water and 15 sediment samples were collected along the Sulaibikhat Bay. The samples were analyzed chemically for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Trace Metals, and Total Organic Carbon. Also Biological Oxygen Demand, Chemical Oxygen Demand, and physically analyzed for Dissolved Oxygen, temperature, salinity, PH, Conductivity and nutrient levels. Data analyses for sediment and water reveal that the level of contamination is within the international standard however there are some higher reading of trace metals and other chemicals from the outlets of the power station more than the inlets. As, two sources or large input of trace metals in the coastal water of Sulaibikhat Bay are suggested in this study namely; estuarine fluviatile source of Shatt Al-Arab trace metal rich and dust fallouts.
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Nutrients, Anthropogenic Impact, Tidal bay, Water Quality, Bottom Sediments, Sewage Outlets, Contaminations
To cite this article
Mohamed El-Anbaawy, Ahmed Abdelhalim, Deadan Al Ajmi, Mohammad Al Sarawi, Environmental Assessment and Evaluation of Anthropogenic Impacts on Sulaibikhat Bay Tidal Flat Area, Kuwait, Journal of Health and Environmental Research. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 21-34. doi: 10.11648/j.jher.20180401.14
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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