Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention Among Graduating Students at Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia
Journal of Investment and Management
Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 25-31
Received: Jan. 22, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 22, 2019; Published: Mar. 12, 2019
Views 81      Downloads 19
Melaku Desalegn Fantaye, Department of Management, Debre Berehan University, Debre Berehan, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The present study is aimed at investigating factors affecting entrepreneurial intention among graduating students at Debre Berhan University. Little is known whether graduating students today are entrepreneurial. Notwithstanding the abundance of literature on entrepreneurship, factors affecting entrepreneurial intention among graduating students. Theory of planned behavior is adopted to specifically look at the effect of attitude towards entrepreneurship, perceived social norms and perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention. In addition, entrepreneurship education and external environment are incorporated into the model as a moderator factors. The population used in this study was graduating students at Debreberhan University 2018/19 academic year. The Sampling techniques weremulti-stage sampling and purposive sampling with a total sample of 240 respondents. The data collection used questionnaires methods with 7likert scale, while the multiple linear regression analysis was used as an analytical technique by using SPSS 16.0. The findings show that the main effects, namely attitude towards entrepreneurship, perceived subjective norm and perceived behavioral control have positive relationship and significant effect on entrepreneurial intention among graduating students. It is also found that entrepreneurship education has appositive moderating effect on entrepreneurial intention among graduating students. It also suggeststhe future is owned by risk takers and not security seekers. The policy makers, universities and students play pivotal role in nurturing entrepreneurial spirit and bringing attitude change in students.
Attitude Towards Entrepreneurship, Perceived Social Norms, Perceived Behavioral Control, Entrepreneurship Education, External Environment, Entrepreneurial Intention
To cite this article
Melaku Desalegn Fantaye, Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention Among Graduating Students at Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia, Journal of Investment and Management. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019, pp. 25-31. doi: 10.11648/j.jim.20190801.14
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Lee, S. M., D. Chang, et al. (2005). “Impact of entrepreneurship education: A comparative study of the U.S. and Korea.” International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal 1: 27-43.
Henry, B. (2003). “Entrepreneurship education in Kenya: A reality or plodding on?” The First International Entrepreneurship Conference, 23-24 April Kenya.
Meyer, N. (2017). “South Africa’s youth unemployment dilemma: Whose baby is it anyway?” Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, 9(1), 56-68.
Postigo, S., D. Iacobucci, et al. (2006). “Undergraduates students as a source of potential entrepreneurs: A comparative study between Italy and Argentina. International entrepreneurship education: Issues and newness.” A. Fayolle and H. Klandt. Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.
Solomon, G. T., K. M. Weaver, et al. (2005). “Pedagogical methods of teaching entrepreneurship: An historical perspective. Keystones of entrepreneurship knowledge.” R. V. D. Horst, King-Kauanui, S. & Duffy, S. Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Karimi, S., Biemans, H. J. A., NaderiMahdei, K., Lans, T., Chizari, M., & Mulder, M. (2015). “Testing the relationship between personality characteristics, contextual factors and entrepreneurial intentions in a developing country: personality, context and intentions.” International Journal of Psychology, n/a-n/a.
Mudde, H. L., Gerba, D. T., &Chekol, A. D. (2015). “Entrepreneurship Education in Ethiopian universities: Institutional assessment.” Synthesis Report No. 2015/01, NICHE project ‘University Leadership and Management Capacity Development’.
Aloulou, W. J. (2016). “Predicting entrepreneurial intentions of final year Saudi university business students by applying the theory of planned behavior.” Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23(4), 1142-1164.
Uygun, R., &Kasimoglu, M. (2013). “The emergence of entrepreneurial intentions in indigenous entrepreneurs: the role of personal background on the antecedents of intentions.” International Journal of Business and Management, 8(5), 24–40.
Souitaris, V., S. Zerbinati, and A. Al-Laham. (2007). “Do entrepreneurship programmes raise entrepreneurial intention of science and engineering students? The effect of learning, inspiration and resources” Journal of Business Venturing. 22 (4): 566-591.
Liñán, F. and Chen, Y. W. (2009). “Development and cross-cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions.” EntrepreneurshipTheory and Practice, 33 (3): 593–617.
Owoseni, O. O., &Akambi, P. A. (2010). “Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Theoretical Framework.” Journal of Management and Corporate Governance, 2(4), 132–148.
Efendi, F., Makhfudli. (2009). “Keperawatan Kesehatan Komunitas Teoridan Praktikdalam Keperawatan. Jakarta:” Salemba Medika.
Schlaegel, C., & Koenig, M. (2014). “Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intent: A Meta‐Analytic Test and Integration of Competing Models. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice”, 38(2), 291-332.
Wedayanti, N. P., danGiantari, I. (2016). “Peran Pendidikan Kewirausahaan Dalam Memediasi Pengaruh Norma Subyektif Terhadap Niat Berwirausaha.” E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana. Vol. 5 No. 1. pp. 533-560.
Ridder, A. (2008). “The influence of perceived social norms on entrepreneurial intentions”(Unpublished Master thesis), University of Twente, Netherlands
Ajzen I.(2002). “Perceived behavioural control, self-efficacy, locus of control, and the theory of planned behaviour.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32(4), 665- 683.
Moriano, J. A., Gorgievski, M., Laguna, M., Stephan, U. and Zarafshani, K. (2012). “A cross-cultural approach to understanding entrepreneurial intention.” Journal of Career Development, 39: 162–85, doi: 10.1177/0894845310384481.
Gerba. D. T. (2012). “Impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of business and engineering students in Ethiopia.” African Journal of Economic and Management Studies. Vol. 3 No. 2. pp. 258-277.
Adelaja&Arshad (2016). “Does entrepreneurial intention differ between public and private universities' students?” International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small & Medium Enterprise, 3, 133-110.
Karabulut, A. T. (2014). “Entrepreneurial career intentions of alumni: A study in a Turkish Foundation University.” International Journal of Business and Management, 9(2), 30.
Barral, M. R. M., Ribeiro, F. G., & Canever, M. D. (2018). “Influence of the university environment in the entrepreneurial intention in public and private universities.” RAUSP Management Journal, 53(1), 122-133.
Lüthje, C., & Franke, N. (2003). “The ‘making’ of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intent among engineering students at MIT. R&D Management,”33(2), 135-147
Chen, L. (2013). “IT Entrepreneurial Intention among College Students: An Empirical Study.” Journal of Information Systems Education, 24(3), 233-243.
Ajzen I. (1991).“The Theory of Planned Behaviour”, Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211&2001).
Cooper & Schindler (2009). “Business research methods, (9th ed,).” McGraw-Hill: Irwin.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186