Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 31-39
Received: Mar. 7, 2018;
Published: Mar. 9, 2018
Views 1870 Downloads 246
Junliang Han, Shool of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Nanyang Institute of Technology, Nanyang, China; Henan Province Xixia Automobile Water Pump Co., Ltd., Xixia, China; College of Electrical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
Hui Song, Department of Central Air-conditioning, Midea Group Co., Ltd., Foshan, China
Changhong Feng, Henan Province Xixia Automobile Water Pump Co., Ltd., Xixia, China
Xiangqing Zhou, Henan Province Xixia Automobile Water Pump Co., Ltd., Xixia, China
Chuansheng Tang, Shool of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Nanyang Institute of Technology, Nanyang, China
Zhengyong Duan, Shool of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Nanyang Institute of Technology, Nanyang, China
Jinfeng Gao, College of Electrical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
The electronic water pump will be used more and more widely in the new energy vehicles and other special vehicles. A sensorless electronic water pump for automobile is designed and implemented with the brushless direct current motor (BLDCM) as the driving motor. A sensorless magnetic field oriented control (FOC) scheme using sliding mode observer (SMO) is applied for the motor control. A novel SMO and the phase-locked loop (PLL) for reducing the chattering phenomenon are used to estimate rotor velocity/position from the back electromotive force (EMF), in which a continuous saturation function is applied instead of the sign function. A robust I-f startup strategy is introduced. The hardware circuit design and software algorithm design are presented. The experimental system is set up and some experimental results are demonstrated. The effectiveness and correctness of the proposed hardware design and the software scheme are validated. Experimental results show that the developed electronic water pump is reasonable and feasible with a high cost performance.
Design and Implementation of Sensorless Electronic Water Pump for Automobile, Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 31-39.
Taeyeon Kim, Chungil Kim, Joon Lyou. A New Sensorless Drive Scheme for a BLDC Motor Based on the Terminal Voltage Difference. 2011 37th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON), pp. 1710-1715, 2011.
E. Babaei, M. B. Bannae Sharifian, R. Ajabi Farshbaf, S. H. Hosseini. Verification of a New Method for PI Block Design of MRAS-Based Sensorless Speed Estimators. 2011 International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), pp. 1-6, 2011.
Pradeep Kumar, Naveen Kaushik, Surender Dahiya. Simulation of Sensor less Speed Control of PMSM based on FOC Method with MRAS Adaptive Speed Estimator. 2013 Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), pp. 1-5, 2013.
Nisha G. K., Lakaparampil Z. V., Member, IEEE and Ushakumari S. Four-quadrant Operation of Sensorless FOC Induction Machine in Field Weakening Region Using MRAS-Sliding Mode Observer. 2013 International Conference on Control Communication and Computing (ICCC), pp. 33-38, 2013.
Sandeep Dhundhara, Pradeep Kumar, Yajvender Pal Verma. Sensorless Speed Control of PMSM Using Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation Based on MRAS Method. 2015 2nd International Conference on Recent Advances in Engineering & Computational Sciences (RAECS), pp. 1-6, 2015.
Naggar H. Saad, Ahmed A. El-Sattar, Mahmoud A. Gad. Sensorless Field Oriented Control Based on Improved MRAS Speed Observer for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive. 2016 Eighteenth International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON), pp. 991-998, 2016.
Bernadeta Wuri Harini, Aries Subiantoro, Feri Yusivar. Stability Analysis of MRAS Speed Sensorless Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor. 2017 International Conference on Sustainable Energy Engineering and Application (ICSEEA), pp. 34-40, 2017.
Karthikeyan A, Prabhakaran K K, Venkatesa Perumal B, Nagamani C. Pseudo Derivative Feedback current controlled sensorless PMSM drive with Flux-Torque based MRAS estimator for low speed operation. 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Sensorless Control for Electrical Drives (SLED), pp. 115-120, 2017.
Tang Ming, Gao Lin, and Liang Deliang. Sensorless Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive Using an Optimized and Normalized Extended Kalman Filter. 2011 International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, pp. 1-4, 2011.
Nguyen K. Quang, Doan Duc Tung, Q. P. Ha. FPGA-Based Sensorless PMSM Speed Control using Adaptive Extended Kalman Filter. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE), pp. 1650-1655, 2015.
Tomasz Michalski, Carlos Lopez, Antoni Garcia, Luis Romeral. Sensorless Control of Five Phase PMSM Based on Extended Kalman Filter. 2016 42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON), pp. 2904-2909, 2016.
Mohamad Syakir Termizi, Jurifa Mat Lazi, Zulkifilie Ibrahim, Md Hairul Nizam Talib, M. J. A. Aziz, S. M. Ayob. Sensorless PMSM drives using Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). 2017 IEEE Conference on Energy Conversion (CENCON), pp. 145-150, 2017.
Rui Gao, Iqbal Husain, Jianyong Su. “An Improved Rotor Flux Estimation Strategy for Position-sensorless Control of Surface-mount Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor,” 2014 40th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON), pp. 404-409, 2014.
Guoliang Xiao, Xiaoguang Wang, Wenyi Tu, Lixun Tang, Huan Zhang, Kai Yang. A Sensorless Control of Surface-mount Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Based on Rotor Flux Estimation. 2017 20th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), pp. 1-4, 2017.
Ran Li, Guangzhou Zhao. Position Sensorless Control for PMSM Using Sliding Mode Observer and Phase-Locked Loop. Proceedings of the IEEE 6th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, pp. 1867-1870, 2009.
Justin Owen, Jeff Strouse. Sensorless Field Oriented Control Utilizing a Sliding Mode Observer for Control of an Actively- Rectified Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator. 2011 Twenty-Sixth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), pp. 1017-1021, 2011.
Zhaowei Qiao, Tingna Shi, Yindong Wang, Yan Yan, Changliang Xia, Xiangning He. New Sliding-Mode Observer for Position Sensorless Control of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vo1. 60, no. 2, pp. 710-719, 2013.
Bing Liu, Bo Zhou, Haidong Liu, Jie Li, Long Wang, Qinglong Wang. Research on Initial Rotor Position Estimation for SPMSM. 2014 17th International Conference on Electrical Machine and Systems (ICEM), pp. 768-774, 2014.
Saadaoui, A. Khlaief, M. Abassi, A. Chaari, M. Boussak. Position Sensorless Vector Control of PMSM Drives Based on SMO. 2015 16th international conference on Sciences and Techniques of Automatic control & computer engineering, pp. 545-550, 2015.
Vasilios C. Ilioudis. Chattering reduction applied in PMSM sensorless control using Second Order Sliding Mode observer. 2015 9th International Conference on Compatibility and Power Electronics (CPE), pp. 240-245, 2015.
Hanan Mikhael Dawood Habbi, Afaneen Anwer Abood Al-Khazraji. FPGA based vector control of PM motor using sliding mode observer. 2015 Modern Electric Power Systems (MEPS), pp. 1-5, 2015. 2015 27th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC), pp. 6091-6096, 2015.
Lisi Tian, Yang Liu, Jin Zhao, Jiajiang Sun. The sensorless control of IPMSM based on improved sliding-mode observer. 2015 27th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (CCDC), pp. 935-940, 2015.
Saadaoui, A. Khlaief, M. Abassi, A. Chaari, M. Boussak. Sensorless FOC of PMSM drives based on Full Order SMO. 2017 17th international conference on Sciences and Techniques of Automatic control & computer engineering, pp. 663-668, 2016.
Ying-Shieh Kung，Risfendra，Yi-De Lin，and Liang-Chiao Huang. FPGA-Based Sensorless Controller for PMSM Drives Using Sliding Mode Observer and Phase Locked Loop. 2016 International Conference on Applied System Innovation (ICASI), pp. 1-4, 2016.
Donglai Liang, Jian Li, Ronghai Qu. Super-twisting algorithm based sliding-mode observer with online parameter estimation for sensorless control of permanent magnet synchronous machine. 2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pp. 1-8, 2016.
Mihai Comanescu. Speed, rotor position and load torque estimation of the PMSM using an extended dynamic model and cascaded sliding mode observers. 2016 International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (SPEEDAM), pp. 98-3, 2016.
Hrishikesh Mehta, Vrunda Joshi, Pradeep Kurulkar. Implementation issues of sliding mode observer for sensorless field oriented control of PMSM using TMS320F2812. 2016 IEEE Symposium on Sensorless Control for Electrical Drives (SLED). pp. 1-6, 2016.
Guozheng Li, Bo Zhang. Sensorless control of PMSM using Chua's circuit based on sliding mode observer. 2016 IEEE 8th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC-ECCE Asia), pp. 1840-1846, 2016.
Chuanchuan Lin; Hong Guo; Shuping Meng; Xiaofeng Ding. Sensorless Control of PMSM Based on Modified Sliding Mode Observer. 2016 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), pp. 1-5, 2016.
Vasillos C. Ilioudis. A model based sliding mode observer applied in PMSM sensorless control for speed and position. 2017 25th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation (MED), pp. 921-926, 2017.
Yanling Yang, Hong Guo, Hao Qian. A sensorless control of SPMSM based on sliding mode observer with linear power drive method. 2017 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON), pp. 4094-4098, 2017.
Ons Ben Hamouda; Adel Khedher. PMSM under IOLC introducing a sliding mode position and speed observer. 2017 International Conference on Green Energy Conversion Systems (GECS), pp. 1-6, 2017.
Wenjie Wang, Zexiang Li, Xiang Xu. A Novel Smooth Transition Strategy for BEMF-Based Drive Startup of PMSM. Proceedings of 11th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (WCICA), pp. 4296-4301, 2014.
Z. Wang, K. Lu and F. Blaabjerg, A Simple Startup Strategy Based on Current Regulation for Back-EMF-Based Sensorless Control of PMSM, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 3817-3825, 2012.
Li Niu, Jianyang Zhai, Xiong Liu, Youyi Wang, Amit Kumar Gupta. A Smooth and Fast Transition Method for PMSM SMO Based Sensorless Control. 2016 IEEE 2nd Annual Southern Power Electronics Conference (SPEC), pp. 1-6, 2016.